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Karl II. aus dem Hause Stuart war König von England, Schottland und Irland. Karl II. (englisch Charles II, auch The Merry Monarch genannt; * Mai in London; † 6. Februar ebenda) aus dem Hause Stuart war König von. Charles II. de Bourbon (* in Moulins; † September in Lyon) war Erzbischof von Lyon und kurze Zeit Herzog von Bourbon. Charles II war der zweitälteste Sohn King Charles I und Königin Henrietta Maria von Frankreich. Sein älterer Bruder Karl Jacob, starb noch am Tage seiner. Entdecken Sie Charles II [2 DVDs] [UK Import] und weitere TV-Serien auf DVD- & Blu-ray in unserem vielfältigen Angebot. Gratis Lieferung möglich.
Charles II war der zweitälteste Sohn King Charles I und Königin Henrietta Maria von Frankreich. Sein älterer Bruder Karl Jacob, starb noch am Tage seiner. Charles II (Penguin Monarchs): The Star King | Clare Jackson | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. Entdecken Sie Charles II [2 DVDs] [UK Import] und weitere TV-Serien auf DVD- & Blu-ray in unserem vielfältigen Angebot. Gratis Lieferung möglich. Charles II (Penguin Monarchs): The Star King | Clare Jackson | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch. Charles II. (auch The Merry Monarch genannt; * Mai in London; † Februar ebenda. King Charles II. has always been famed for his good nature. This was a specimen of it. He never liked to quarrel with any body, and was always ready to give up. John Michael Wright, Charles II, Detail, um , Öl auf Leinwand, ,9 x ,2 cm (Royal Collection Trust/© Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. FLE T T T R E CHARLES II Roydela Grande Bretaigne, 2 Mozar - Les EYTATM GENERAUX des Provinces Unies des Pays Bas, 2, Escrite de Londres le 13 d.
He converted to Catholicism just before his death in London on February 6, When Charles II was born in St.
In , civil war broke out between Parliament and Charles I over his claim of divine right to rule. By the end of the decade, Parliament, led by the Puritan Oliver Cromwell , was victorious.
During the year period of Interregnum, Charles was forbidden from being crowned king. Supporters in Scotland offered him the throne if he supported home rule.
Inexperienced and untested in battle, Charles led a force into England but was quickly defeated at the Battle of Worcester, in By this point, Charles was cynical and self-indulgent, less skilled in governing than in surviving adversity.
The French assistance allowed him a little more breathing room in his dealings with Parliament. British Broadcasting Corporation Home.
Charles was born on 29 May , the eldest surviving son of Charles I. He was 12 when the Civil War began and two years later was appointed nominal commander-in-chief in western England.
With the parliamentary victory he was forced into exile on the continent. He was in the Netherlands when, in , he learnt of his father's execution.
In , Charles did a deal with the Scots and was proclaimed king. With a Scottish army he invaded England but was defeated by Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester in He again escaped into exile and it was not until that he was invited back to England to reclaim his throne.
Although those who had signed Charles I's death warrant were punished, the new king pursued a policy of political tolerance and power-sharing.
His desire for religious toleration, due in large part to his own leanings towards Catholicism, were to prove more contentious.
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You see, the Habsburgs came from Austria, and they had designs on the French throne. The Habsburgs ruled The Netherlands, Belgium, and parts of Germany but unfortunately, Charles II was too ugly, too deformed, and too intellectually stunted to rule Spain and its neighbors properly.
The Habsburgs were so bent on keeping power, as they had for a few hundred years, that they often married their own blood relatives.
His two rows of teeth could not meet. The king was unable to chew his food. The king was illiterate and totally dependent on those around him.
The French ambassador wrote to the Spanish court in that Marie wanted absolutely nothing to do with the ugly king.
Charles II of Spain could barely walk because his legs could not support his weight. He fell several times. Marie died in without producing an heir for Charles II.
The Spanish monarch was depressed after his first wife died. Depression was a common trait among the Habsburgs. So was gout, dropsy, and epilepsy.
The lower jaw was the kicker, though, as it made Charles II seem stunted. His second marriage was to Marie-Anne of Neubourg, and it happened mere weeks after his first wife died.
Charles II of Spain was impotent and could not father children. It was part of his family legacy of inbreeding.
He probably suffered from two genetic disorders. First, there was combined pituitary hormone deficiency, a disorder that made him short, impotent, infertile, weak, and have a host of digestive problems.
The other disorder was distal renal tubular acidosis, a condition marked by blood in the urine, weak muscles, and having an abnormally large head compared to the rest of the body.
His efforts to extend religious toleration to his Nonconformist and Roman Catholic subjects were sharply rebuffed in , and throughout his reign the House of Commons was to thwart the more generous impulses of his religious policy.
A more pervasive and damaging limitation was on his financial independence. Charles was incapable of thrift; he found it painful to refuse petitioners.
With the expensive disasters of the Anglo-Dutch War of —67 the reputation of the restored king sank to its lowest level.
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